欧洲珠宝首饰总给人十分奢华时尚的感觉，她们都几乎经历了上百年的历史。华丽的珍珠随着时间的轨迹，刻画着不少深刻经典故事。留存在世间等待着人们来探索这些光亮首饰背后的有趣故事。 一、古埃及女王的耳坠珠 古埃及女王娄巴特拉是一位美貌双全的女子，而且
英文翻译：Jade is a kind of flat circular jade with a hole in the center. It is one of the traditional jade ritual vessels in China and one of the "six rui".
Jade is a flat round piece of jade with a hole in the center. The perforation is called "good" and the limbic body is called "meat". "Erya · release device" "the meat is better than the wall, the meat is reflected, if a ring of good meat." Generally the body is flat, the periphery is round, the central hole and the side hole is small utensils called the wall. Archaeological findings show that jade was first produced in the Neolithic Age about 5 to 6 thousand years ago. Until the Qing Dynasty, there were different forms and patterns of jade. Jade is also widely used, which is not only a sign of power level, but also can be used for wearing, as funerary goods, and at the same time, it is also a gift or token in social communication.
Four elephant grain jade bi
The four divine beasts are modern people's names for the blue dragon, white tiger, rose finch and xuanwu. In fact, they are not divine beasts, but gods. In ancient times, they were also called four elephants and four spirits of heaven, which belong to the products of ancient star worship. The four beasts blend into the five elements and orientation, and are represented by different colors: green in the east for wood, white in the west for gold, red in the south for fire, black in the north for water, and yellow in the center for earth. Another "Huainan Zi" mentioned that one of the five dragons, the Yellow dragon, that is, the ying dragon in the central position, is the longest of the four beasts.
Processing difficult months into a thing: before processing is made of stone with the lead wheel, made of different lead head with jade sand to cut jade. The Shang dynasty had copper, copper lead wheel strength is not large, easy to wear itself, make the groove line shallow and wide, the section is mostly semicircle. West weekend, early spring and Autumn with iron, iron hard, can be done thin and sharp, improve the processing accuracy. You can carve thin lines, deep trenches. Iron weight has been used until the early republic of China. In the late period of the Republic of China to the 1970s, some places are still useful iron jade sand jade workshop, this processing method of jade commonly known as the old workers, as the saying goes: Fire makes sweet malt, the ancient manual grinding out of jade with patina, glass and bright, you can see beaten have obvious burnish, watching the dragon leg hard straight out of the corner that is caused by bad bucket wheel turning processing phenomenon, is the most direct method of identification of machine work and manual, already a long time, because the s all throughout the cinnabar ooze, this is because the iron caused by infection, After years of this piece can have such a good appearance, no knock, no residual is a rare collection.
Cloisonne, one of the famous special metal handicrafts in China, reached its peak during the Jingtai Period of the Ming Dynasty, and the most exquisite and famous handicrafts were produced. Therefore, this kind of metal ware was later called "Cloisonne". Cloisonne named "copper tire wire pinching enamel", the common name is "fa LAN", also known as "inlaid enamel", is a kind of copper tire, with soft flat copper wire, pinched into a variety of patterns welding, and then the enamel color filled in the pattern of firing utensils. Due to its popularity in the Jingtai Period of the Ming Dynasty, the production technique is relatively mature, and the enamel glaze used is mainly blue, hence the name "Cloisonne".
Cloisonne hat stove
Cloisonne is made of red copper with thin gold or copper wires pinched into various patterns. It is filled with enamel glaze. The shape is dignified and thick, and the colors are bright and contrasting. The magnificent appearance of cloisonne shows its peaceful atmosphere, rich and elegant temperament, so it is deeply loved by the royal aristocrates. Especially in the Qing Dynasty, the production of cloisonne reached its peak. In the early years of The Reign of Emperor Kangxi, the Qing Court in the hall of Martial Valor attached to the building office specialized in "enamel" for the manufacture of palace vessels. At this time, the products not only inherited the luxurious, classical and elegant national style of cloisonne in the Ming Dynasty, but also developed the gilding technology. The surface of the utensils was decorated with precious stones, the gilding was thick and bright, and the gemstones were brilliant. The two complement each other, fully displaying the royal wealth and magnificently artistic effect.
The official hat shaped incense burner, the lid is like a tea cover, engraved with ruyi grain, the circle yellow, to wire technology glaze burning beautiful flowers, very resistant to admire, in ancient times for the royal court products, full palace special, has a high collection value.
At the bottom of the three pillars of the potential support incense burner, the middle of the sun engraved, qianlong imperial system, meaning for qianlong personally supervised, by the palace royal carpenter production and become, so only circulation in the palace, is a typical palace treasure, this smoked furnace covered in grain, its technology is super, perfect, has ineffable collection value.
Xuande furnace is a bronze censer designed and supervised by Zhu Zhanji, xuanzong of Ming Dynasty, in the third year of Xuande in Daming Dynasty. Xuande furnace it is the first time in Chinese history to use wind-mill copper cast copper ware.
In order to produce high-quality goods copper furnace, under Zhu Zhanji personally supervise, the entire production process, including copper, modelling must from broadcasting the information rich ancient figure, the archaeological figure such as books and nei secret of hundreds of ancient jun in the song dynasty and yuan dynasty, selects conforms to the applicable objects, the model makes the shape of jedaiah, drawing it into pattern, to its close browser, and to explain the source of the graph model and the origin of allusions, After screening, and then cast into the real sample to let it see, satisfied with the rear quasi open casting.
Animal ear lotus grain xuande furnace
This furnace is xuande cursive, with lotus grain as the main part, with windowing effect, shoulder inlaid gems, the overall magnificent, very appreciate! In addition to copper, there are gold, silver and other precious materials added, so the furnace quality is particularly delicate. Generally, the charge should be refined by four, while the xuande furnace should be refined by twelve, so the furnace quality will be more pure and fine, such as baby skin. Gilt or gold-inlaid xuande furnace-shining gold, can give people a different kind of feeling.
Jintong furnace is the king of the incense burner, lieutenant m-sword sword is after six, and the description for all after twelve smelting furnace, which is several hundred years, no corrosion of treasures incense burner, scrutinize the patina natural jintong furnace, bottom light is downy, so-called wrapped slurry is a natural formation of the oxide layer, there are also think hands wrapped slurry, the two different, but at the same time have to protect the function of money, If you feel the censer is dirty, you can wash it with clean water, and then dry it with cotton cloth. Do not destroy the patching. Destroying the patching is equivalent to destroying the protective layer. Look at the perfect appearance of this Xuande furnace, no knock, damage, deformation, etc., is not much collection grade copper coin, it is recommended to collect, handed down.
Changhua chicken blood stone is a unique precious stone in China. It has the bright red color like chicken blood and the natural beauty like jade. It has always been valued as much as jade jewelry, and is well known both at home and abroad as "national treasure". In the Year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, "Zhejiang Tongzhi" recorded: "Changhua county produced seal stone, red spots like cinnabar, also purple like tortoisesbill, good and lovely to play, nearly rare.
Changhua blood stone produced in The northwest of Changhua, Lin 'an City, Zhejiang province, "West Zhejiang Grand Canyon" at the source of jade Rock Mountain.
Frozen stone, referred to as "frozen". Is used for carving handicrafts and seals of the material, glittering and translucent moist, can be divided into a variety of frozen stone. Frozen stone can also be understood as frozen stone. Transparent or translucent aspiculate-like massive pyrophyllite, limestone. According to the color is divided into white, black, yellow, pink, gray, black and white color, yellow and white color.
Color shape has mass block, strip, star point shape, cloud shape and so on. The evaluation criteria such as texture, transparency, color quality, blood content (cinnabar content, content ratio and distribution), bright-colored degree and shape are not consistent in each mine. Cinnabar - containing has been classified as another subspecies - chicken blood jelly.
Full house changhua blood stone seal
The so-called full house is a higher level than Da Hong Pao. Da Hong Pao has more than 70 percent health, while full house has a higher requirement, so few people have seen it with their own eyes and few people know about it, because full house is very rare and belongs to the legendary treasure.
Blood stone and Tian Huangshi, Qingtian light frozen stone is known as the three treasures of stone printing. The blood stone has made a unique contribution to the development of Chinese printing culture, and formed a unique school of "blood" carving in the jade carving process. Its works are famous for "magnificent, exquisite, elegant and colorful".
Blood stone due to the production is quite limited, the market price is durable, the price is calculated in grams at present, it can be seen that its precious degree, this blood stone seal, as the first coagulation of blood, belongs to the top grade blood stone, its blood is full, for the rare full house level, rare in the world, has a very high collection value.
文 │经纬 曾几何时，我们批评国产职业剧是披着职业的外衣谈恋爱，现在，就连古董鉴宝行业都开始流行边谈恋爱边鉴宝了？ 由韩青执导，屈楚萧、陈钰琪领衔主演的《古董局中局之掠宝清单》于7月21日在腾讯视频上线，播出16集后，仍是要热度没热度，要口碑没口碑